Spins (abbreviated as Sp for scoring) are an element in which the skater rotates on a single point on the ice, holding one or more body positions. A perfect spin would be seen on the ice as a single circle traced over and over, otherwise it creates a series of loops on the ice which is called traveling.They can be classified as forward or backward depending on the foot they are turning on.
There are four types of spins: Upright, sit, camel and other.
Spins are awarded Levels depending on the number of features (1 for Level 1, 2 for Level 2, 3 for Level 3, 4 for Level 4)
Difficult variations (count as many times as performed with limitations specified below)
Change of foot executed by jump
Jump within a spin without changing feet
Difficult change of position on the same foot
Difficult entrance or Difficult exit
Clear change of edge in sit (only from backward inside to forward outside), camel, Layback, Biellmann or difficult variation of an upright position
All 3 basic positions on the second foot
Both directions immediately following each other in sit or camel spin
Clear increase of speed in camel, sit, layback, Biellmann or difficult variation of an upright position(except in crossfoot spin)
At least 8 rev. without changes in position/variation, foot or edge (camel, layback, difficult variation of any basic position or for combinations only non-basic position)
Difficult variation of flying entry in flying spins/spins with a flying entrance(see Clarifications)
Additional features for the Layback spin:
One clear change of position backwards-sideways or reverse, at least 2 rev. in each position (counts also if the Layback position is a part of any other spin)
Biellmann position after Layback spin (SP –after 8 revolutions in layback spin for Junior/Senior and after 6 revolutions for Advanced Novice
Features 2-9 and 11-13 count only once per program (first time they are attempted). Feature 10 counts only once per program (in the first spin it is successfully performed; if in this spin 8 revs are executed on both feet, any one of these executions can be taken in favour of the Skater).
Any category of difficult spin variation in a basic position counts only once per program(first time it is attempted). A difficult variation in a non-basic position counts once per program in spin combination only (first time it is attempted). In any spin with change of foot the maximum number of features attained on one foot is two (2).
For flying spins (with no change of foot and only one position) of both Short Program and Free Skating, a clear visible jump is required. The sign “V” indicates that this requirement is not fulfilled. All spins with change of foot must have 3 revolutions on each foot. In Short Program, if this requirement is not fulfilled, the spin will get “No Value”. In Free Skating the sign “V” indicates that this requirement is not fulfilled. Spin in one position with change of foot must have 2 revolutions in basic position on each foot. In Short Program, if this requirement is not fulfilled, the spin will get “No Value”. In Free Skating the sign “V” indicates that this requirement is not fulfilled.
Levels of difficulty
A difficult spin variation of position is a movement of the body part, leg, arm, hand or head which requires physical strength or flexibility and that has an effect on the balance of the main body core. Only these variations can increase the Level. There are 11 categories of difficult variations, among them 3 in camel position based on direction of the shoulder line: camel forward (CF) –with the shoulder line parallel to the ice; camel sideways (CS) –with the shoulder line twisted to a vertical position; camel upward (CU) –with the shoulder line twisted more than vertical position. If the free leg drops down for a long time while preparing for a difficult camel variation, the corresponding Level feature is still awarded, but the Judges will apply the GOE reduction for “poor/awkward/unaesthetic position(s)”.
Guidelines for marking GOEs
Good speed and/or acceleration during spin
Good controlled, clear position(s) (inc. height and air/landing position in flying spin)
Maintaining a centered spin
Creativity and/or originality
Element matches the music
Points 1-3 must be present to award +4 or +5 GOEs.
Touch down with free foot or hand(s)
-1 to -3
Poor fly (flying spin/entry)
-1 to -3
Incorrect take-off or landing in a flying spin
-1 to -2
-1 to -3
Loss of balance
-1 to -3
Poor/awkward, unaesthetic position(s
-1 to -3
Slow or reduction of speed
-1 to -3
Change of foot poorly done (including curve of entry/exit except when changing direction)
-1 to -3
Less than required revolutions
-1 to -3
Unbalanced number of revolutions in change foot spin
羽生 結弦 （Hiragana: はにゅう ゆづる Romaji: Hanyuu Yuzuru）
Yuzuru Hanyu is the 2014 and 2018 Olympic champion, 2014 and 2017 World champion, 2013–2016 GPF champion, 2015–2016 and 2019 World silver medalist, 2020 Four Continents champion, three-time Four Continents silver medalist (2011, 2013, 2017), two-time GPF silver medalist (2012, 2019), 2010 World Junior champion, 2009–2010 Junior GPF champion, and the 2012-2015 Japanese national champion.
He has broken 19 world records in his career. He was the first man to reach the 100-point barrier in the short program, the 200-point barrier in the free skate, and the 300-point barrier in the combined total. He holds the historical world records for the short program (112.72 - 2017 SCACI), long program (223.20 - 2017 Worlds), and combined total (330.43 - 2015 GPF). He holds the current world record for the short program (111.82 - 2020 4CC).
Yuzuru Hanyu was the youngest man to win an Olympic title since 1948 and the first man to win back to back Olympic gold medals since 1952. He broke the record for the largest margin between first and second place (37.48 points) at the 2015 GPF. He is also the first man to land a quadruple loop in competition (2016 Autumn Classic) as well as on the Grand Prix circuit (2016 NHK Trophy).
Yuzuru was born in Sendai, Miyagi and trained there until 2011. He lived through the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, an event that heavily influenced his life and skating. Yuzuru currently trains at the Toronto Cricket Club with coaches Brian Orser (1984 and 1988 Olympic silver medalist, 1987 World champion), Tracy Wilson (1988 Olympic bronze medalist), and Ghislain Briand. His programs are frequently choreographed by choreographers Shae-Lynn Bourne and Jeffrey Buttle.
ANA Athlete Profile
Competition Results by: @dasani
*please click on the competition score for protocol details, click on the placement of performance video link
Season 2019-20 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2018-19 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2017-18 JSF profile / ISU bio / Olympic profile
Season 2016-17 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2015-16 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2014-15 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2013-14 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2012-13 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2011-12 JSF profile / ISU bio
Season 2010-11 JSF profile / ISU bio
Novice and Junior Competitions
First skater to win back-to-back Olympic titles since Dick Button in 1948 and 1952.
Youngest skater to win an Olympics since Dick Button in 1948.
First and only men's skater to win four Grand Prix Final titles in a row.
First Japanese man to win an Olympic title in men's figure skating.
First skater to land the 4Lo, the 4T-3A sequence, and the 4T-eu-3S.
Only male skater to win a Career Golden Super Grand Slam (winning JGPF, Junior Worlds, Worlds, Olympics, 4CC/Euros, and GPF).
Youngest recipient of the People's Honor Award, an award bestowed by the Prime Minister of Japan on people in recognition of their accomplishments in sport, entertainment, and other fields.
Has landed all quads except the 4F and 4A in competition.
Won the 1000th Winter Olympic Games gold medal (PyeongChang 2018).
Has not placed lower than 2nd place in any competition since 2014.